Pilot site #2: Cellar town of Baltanás

Cellar town of Baltanás


Type of heritage: 
Cultural Heritage

Owners of the site: 
Private Owners of the wineries, surroundings owned by the City Hall

Managers of the site 
Asociación Cultural de Barrio de Bodegas de Baltanás, Municipality of Baltanás

Coordinator for the ARGUS project: 



Aerial view of the cellar town of Baltanás in Spain

The site is composed of 374 cellars structured in 6 superposed levels excavated in the ground, constituting the largest underground cellar complex in Spain. The cellars are spaces excavated under the clay soil where wines are traditionally made and preserved. The soil conditions guarantee stable humidity and temperature conditions throughout the year that are appropriate for winemaking

Threats of the Delos site

The cellar town of Baltanás is a rural remote site suffering from the significant depopulation phenomena common in many Mediterranean countries, with a significant risk of abandonment and loss of this important vernacular heritage. Site investigations show that progressive abandonment and poor interventions at the site already resulted in partial collapses or landslides. High humidity levels, measured close to 100%, evidencing lack of ventilation.

View of the cellars of Baltanás, pilot site of the ARGUS project

Main objectives to be reached with the ARGUS interventions

Detail of the cellars of Baltanás, pilot site of the ARGUS project
  • To draw up an action plan based on a fused multi-scale monitoring and assessment of risks of deterioration based primarily on pure ventilation, high humidity, and landslides;
  • to establish strategies of reducing the erosion processes and the associated risks, as well as to prevent collapsing of structures.